Total Hip Replacement
REPLACEMENT SURGERY IS THE FIRST STEP TO RECLAIMING YOUR MOBILITY AND LIFE WHEN MEDICATION, PHYSIOTHERAPY AND WALKING AIDS DON’T WORK
IT IS THE ANSWER TO END STAGE OSTEOARTHRITIS
Hip replacement also called hip arthroscopy is one of the most successful and life enhancing procedures. It relieves almost 95 % of pain and improves mobility, hence enabling patients to return to work and lead a near normal life. Hip replacement surgery is a safe and effective surgery. Doctors usually suggest replacement surgeries as a treatment modality, after trying medication, walking aids and physiotherapy
It can be described as a resurfacing as only the surface of the bones of the joint are replaced. After surgery there is pain relief and this improves the ability to walk. A THR needs hospitalization for 3-5 days. The procedure is done under general anesthesia or spinal anesthesia or a combination of both
A hip joint is a ball and socket joint. The socket is the cup shaped part of the pelvis called the acetabulum and the ball is the head of the thigh bone
THR is a surgical procedure where the diseased cartilage and bone of the hip joint is surgically replaced with artificial materials. Damage to the joint occurs due to arthritis or injury and leads to hip pain and limited mobility. Initially the doctor offers medication, modification of activities and physiotherapy
The surgery itself takes a few hours. After surgery the patient will be in the recovery room till the anesthesia recovery criteria is met
Many different types of designs and materials are currently used in artificial hip joints. All of them consist of two basic components: the ball component (Made of highly polished strong metal or ceramic material) and the socket component (a durable cup of plastic, ceramic or metal, which may have an outer metal shell).
The prosthetic components may be "press fit" into the bone to allow your bone to grow onto the components or they may be cemented into place. The decision to press fit or to cement the components is based on a number of factors, such as the quality and strength of your bone. A combination of a cemented stem and a non-cemented socket may also be used.
Your orthopedician will help you decide on the type of implant best suited for you.
The most common condition requiring hip replacement is osteoarthritis, (an aging process) with injury being the next common cause. This means the cartilage of the hip joint has worn out resulting in the bones being exposed. When the bones rub against each other, it is very painful. THR is done to relieve chronic progressive pain, correct deformity and improve stability and mobility of the patient