What is ectopic pregnancy?
Normally an egg released from the woman’s ovary meets with her partner’s sperm in the fallopian tube and fertilises. The fertilized egg gets implanted in the uterus and grows there into a baby. Sometimes a fertilized egg implants in areas outside the main cavity of the uterus, like in the fallopian tube or anywhere in the abdomen.
An ectopic pregnancy occurs when a fertilized egg implants somewhere other than the main cavity of the uterus. Most often ectopic pregnancy occurs in the early weeks of pregnancy. One may not even know that she is pregnant. If left untreated, it might be life threatening because of rupture and excessive blood loss. Therefore, treatment of ectopic pregnancy is necessary at the earliest.
Symptoms of Ectopic Pregnancy, Causes & Risks
Initially, the case of an ectopic pregnancy might not show obvious signs or symptoms. In many cases, early signs and symptoms of an ectopic pregnancy are similar to normal pregnancy. It includes missed period, breast tenderness and nausea. However, the following symptoms are commonly found in the case of ectopic pregnancy:
- Abdominal pain and pelvic pain.
- Dizziness and weakness
- Light vaginal bleeding
- Nausea and vomiting with pain.
- Lower abdominal pain or cramps
- Pain in the shoulder, neck or rectum.
A tubal pregnancy or ectopic pregnancy doesn’t have a specific cause. It occurs when a fertilized egg gets stuck on its way, while moving to the uterus. This might happen due to damage of the fallopian tube or inflammation. Hormonal imbalances and unnatural development of the fertilized egg also plays a role in causing ectopic pregnancy. The risk factors for ectopic pregnancy includes infection, use of fertility drugs, unusually shaped fallopian tubes, damaged tubes, which get scarred, Sometimes, an IUCD, used for birth control may also be the cause.
Diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy
This is done by a pregnancy test, a pelvic examination and an abdominal and pelvic ultrasound.
Treatment for Ectopic Pregnancy
In case, the pregnancy is still early and fallopian tube has not ruptured, laparoscopic surgery is done to remove the embryo and repair the fallopian, thus keeping the tube intact, enabling future pregnancies. If the fallopian tube has ruptured and the ovary damaged, these may have to be removed too.
In some cases, medicines may be used to stop the growth of embryo. As a part of the treatment procedure, the doctor will monitor the pregnancy hormone (hCG) level.
At Columbia Asia Hospital, we provide you with the best facilities for treatment of ectopic pregnancy. We have our branches spread over several cities in India. You can book an appointment with our doctors and consultants by contacting us at our helpdesk.
Tags: Ectopic Pregnancy , Symptoms of Ectopic Pregnancy , Tubal Pregnancy , Pelvic Pain , Infection , Fertility Problems