Liver is the largest organ in the human body and is located just under the rib cage on the right side of the abdomen. It plays a vital role in sustaining several body functions. It helps digestion and elimination of some wastes produced by the body. Liver diseases may be genetic or caused by a variety of factors such as viruses and alcohol. Obesity is also associated with liver disease. A commonly known liver disease is cirrhosis, which occurs when the liver cells are replaced by scar tissue, which can lead to liver failure, a life threatening disease.
The various symptoms of liver diseases include weight loss, nausea, vomiting, yellow skin, and eyes, fatigue, itchy skin, dark colored urine, pale or tar colored stools, loss of appetite to name a few
Columbia Asia hospitals provide the latest treatment for liver related diseases in India. It has its branches spread across India and one can avail the services by contacting our helpdesk service.
Causes of Liver Diseases
Liver can be damaged in a variety of ways.
- Hepatitis, an inflammation of cells can lead to the damage of liver. This can be due to viruses (viral hepatitis), alcohol (alcoholic hepatitis), autoimmunity (autoimmune hepatitis) or hereditary conditions.
- Fat accumulation in the liver (fatty liver) is a condition where triglyceride fat accumulates in liver cells. Non alcoholic fatty liver can also occur in obesity and due to other metabolic disorders. If left untreated, it can progress to cirrhosis.
- Alcohol is one of the most common causes of liver diseases. Alcohol is toxic to liver and if consumed in large quantity, alcohol abuse leads to alcoholic hepatitis.
- Another major cause for liver diseases is liver cirrhosis. It is a condition where liver cells become inflamed or permanently damaged due to various factors such as medications, drugs, excessive drinking of alcohol and others. This leads to scarring of liver tissues
- Hepatitis B is another cause for liver diseases and damage. It is spread by exposure to body fluids and sexual contact. Vaccination against Hepatitis B virus is available to prevent this particular infection.
- Primary liver cancer or metastasis/spread of cancer else elsewhere in the body to the liver is also a common cause of liver damage
Diagnosis of liver diseases
Liver function tests are a group of tests to determine how the liver is functioning. They include serum proteins, serum albumin, serum globulin, Albumin globulin ratio, SGOT, SGPT, ALP, coagulation profile etc.
Treatment of liver diseases
Life style change such as reducing alcohol intake, a healthy diet and regular exercise help in preventing fatty liver. Ant-viral medicines are available to treat infections such as Hepatitis B and C. Progression of some of the liver diseases can be slowed down by use of steroid based drugs.
In extreme cases, when the liver fails completely, doctors offer liver transplant where a part of the liver from a cadaveric or compatible living donor is placed in the recipient. Columbia Asia Hospitals provide excellent facilities and services across India. To know more about our services, or to book an appointment with our doctors, you can contact out helpdesk service.
Tags: Liver Diseases , Fatty Liver Symptoms , Liver Cirrhosis , Hepatitis B , Diabetes , Alcohol , Smoking , Obesity , Cholesterol , Inflammation , liver transplant , organ donation , Liver Transplant Surgery