Spinal cord trauma or injury can have varying symptoms, from pain to paralysis, depending on extent of damage and whether nerve roots are affected. There can be different causes of spinal cord injury, which broadly include accidents, assaults, sports injuries, falls, violence, etc. The main reasons for spine injuries are compression of the cord, inflammation, infection and injuries. Critical care medicine and intensive care is necessary for a spinal cord injury.
Depending on the position of the damage, there can be various symptoms of spinal cord injury. Spinal cord injuries are classified into 5 degrees.
- "A" indicates a complete spinal cord injury where no motor or sensory function is preserved.
- "B" indicates an incomplete spinal cord injury where sensory but not motor function is preserved.
- "C" indicates incomplete spinal cord injury where motor function is preserved below neurological level.
- "D" indicates incomplete spinal cord injury where motor function is preserved below neurological level and half of the key muscles have a muscle grade of 3 or more.
- "E" indicates incomplete spinal cord injury where motor and sensory functions are normal.
If you are looking for spinal cord injury treatment services in India, Columbia Asia Hospitals provide the highest level of facilities and treatment services. It has its branches at Bangalore, Kolkata, Mysore, Pune, Ahmedabad, Patiala, Ghaziabad, etc. In Bangalore, Columbia Asia Hospitals has its branches at Hebbal, Yeshwanthpur and Whitefield
Symptoms of Spinal Cord Injury
The symptoms of spinal cord injury depend on the severity and position of the injury. Spinal cord injuries cause weakness and numbness around the region of the injury. The symptoms also depend on factors such as "complete spine injury" and "incomplete spine injury". The common symptoms of spine injuries are:
- Spinal cord injuries can cause increased muscle tone or spasticity.
- There can be loss of bladder control and normal bowel movements.
- Injuries to the spine can cause numbness around the region of the injury.
- Spinal cord injuries can cause sensory changes.
- Spinal cord injuries can be associated with pain, weakness and paralysis.
- Spinal cord injuries near the neck area can cause difficulty in moving the neck, arm and back.
- Spinal cord injury at the chest level causes abnormal sweating, difficulty in maintaining normal body temperature, blood pressure problems, etc.
- Lower back spinal injuries include paralysis on one or both the legs, loss of normal bowel and bladder control.
Spinal cord injuries needs immediate medical attention. Various medical tests such as CT scan, MRI scan, Myelogram, Spine X-rays are used to assess the condition of the spine. Different treatment options are available for spinal cord injuries. A steroid drug, Methylprednisolone, has become a standard treatment for acute spinal cord injury. Surgery as an option is offered in cases of severe spinal cord injuries. Removal of bone fragments, disk fragments, etc, are usually done for spinal cord injury treatment.
Tags: Critical Care , Intensive Care , Spinal Cord Injury , Accidents , Assaults , Sports Injuries , Falls , Violence , Inflammation , Infection , Motor , Sensory , Neurological , Body Temparature , Weakness , Blood Pressure , Bladder Control , Bowel , Spasticity , Paralysis , CT Scan , MRI Scan , Myelogram , Spine X-rays , Methylprednisolone , Surgery , Steroid , Bone Fragments , Disk Fragments , Columbia Asia Hospital