Total Hip Replacement Surgery - Explained

Know more about Hip Replacement Surgery

Total hip replacement surgery is a procedure that involves surgical removal of a painful and damaged hip joint and replacing it with an artificial joint called prosthesis. It is often made from metal and plastic components which are designed to be accepted by your body. Also these prostheses are made to resist corrosion, degradation and wear. Hip replacement operation in India is usually performed when all conservative treatment options have failed to provide adequate pain relief. This procedure helps in relieving a painful hip joint thus making walking easier.

Causes and Symptoms that may lead to Total Hip Replacement

Total hip replacement is typically used for people who experience hip joint damage due to arthritis, injuries, fracture hip, bone tumor, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and osteonecrosis. Further, the hip will have symptoms like persistent pain despite relief medication, pain while walking even with a cane or walker, poor sleep due to pain, difficulty going up or down stairs, trouble rising from a seated position, inability to participate in basic activities because of pain.

Risks of Total Hip Replacement

Hip replacement surgery is usually safe and is successful in more than 90 percent of cases. However, complications can occur as with any surgery. Although some complications are grave, most can be treated successfully. Complications of hip replacement involve blood clots, infections, fracture of healthy portion of the hip, dislocation, breakage of the prosthesis, change in leg length and joint stiffening.

Total Hip Replacement Surgery Procedure

To perform a hip replacement surgery, your surgeon:

  • Makes an incision along the side of your hip, through the layers of tissue and muscles
  • Damaged bone and cartilage is then removed
  • The prosthetic socket is implanted into your pelvic bone, to replace the damaged socket
  • Replaces the round top of your femur with the prosthetic ball, which is joined to a stem that fits into your thighbone

Hip replacement operation techniques are evolving. Minimally invasive surgical techniques are being introduced with the hope that it will reduce recovery time and pain as compared to standard hip replacements.

Total Hip Replacement Recovery

The hospital stay is for four to six days and you may have to stay in bed with a wedge-shaped cushion between your legs to keep the new hip joint in place. To help with urination, a drainage tube will be placed in your bladder. To restore strength of the hips, physical therapy will begin the day after surgery and within days you can walk with a walker, crutch or cane. Physical therapy will continue for weeks to months following the surgery to achieve maximum recovery. In time people who have had total hip replacement surgery can enjoy activities like swimming or golf. However, high impact activities like running, playing basketball and skipping is best to be avoided.

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