What is Collagen Vascular Disease?

Collagen Vascular Disease is usually referred to as a group of diseases or disorders that affect the functions of connective tissues in the body. Collagen is a protein rich connective tissue that helps connect and forms a support system for the organs and other parts of the body. These tissues hold all ligaments, tendons, muscles bones and cartilage, together. Also commonly referred to as connective tissue disorder, collagen vascular disease includes conditions like rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, temporal arthritis and scleroderma. Severe skin diseases are also not uncommon in this condition.

Causes of Collagen Vascular Disease

Connective tissue disorder is an autoimmune disease wherein the healthy tissues of the body are mistakenly attacked by one’s own immune system. This attack commonly leads to inflammation of the collagen and nearby joints.  

Causes of autoimmune disease are largely unknown. Collagen vascular disease like lupus, rheumatoid arthritis and scleroderma, mostly affects women than men. This kind of connective tissue disorder is more common in adults who are between 30 to 50 years. However, even children as young as 15 years can be diagnosed with lupus.

Symptoms of Collagen Vascular Disease

Different symptoms are experienced in each type of collagen vascular disorders. However, most people affected by autoimmune disease like lupus, scleroderma, rheumatoid arthritis or other forms of connective tissue disorder do show general symptoms. These include fatigue, weakness in muscles, high fever, joint pain, body aches, breathlessness and skin diseases.

Treatment for Collagen Vascular Disease

Treatment for collagen tissue disease differs based on the individual condition of the patient. Symptomatic treatment is given to tide over the acute episode. However, since it is an autoimmune disease immunosuppressant and corticosteroid medications are commonly administered to treat many kinds of collagen vascular disease.


This form of medication helps in lowering the immune system response. Due to this, the body no longer attacks the healthy tissues. Having a low immunity response would mean increased risks of infections.


This medication helps in reducing inflammation in the body and helps in stabilizing the immune system. Some people can experience major side effects such as drastic mood swings and weight gain. In certain cases, corticosteroid can also lead to rise in blood sugar levels.   

Physical Therapy

Physical therapy and exercises can aid in treating collagen tissue disease. This is because being physically active helps in retention of mobility, reducing pain in joints and muscles.

Treatment and results for connective tissue disorder mainly will vary from person to person and on what types of collagen vascular disease they are diagnosed with. However, the only commonality is that all autoimmune diseases are conditions that are chronic in nature. It cannot be cured but can only be managed with the right treatment throughout life.

The good news is that there are effective medications and medical alternatives available that will ensure keeping symptoms from getting severe. To know more about collagen vascular disease and its treatment options do consult the doctors at Columbia Asia Hospital India.      

Tags: What is , Collagen Vascular Disease , Disorders , Connective Tissue Disorder , Lupus , Rheumatoid Arthritis


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