What is Infertility? Causes & Symptoms Female Infertility Treatment in India

What is infertility?

It is a condition of the reproductive system that prevents the conception of children. About 80% of couples who are regularly trying for a baby, get pregnant within a year. Many of the remaining 20 % of couples get pregnant within the next year. An estimated one in seven couples have difficulty conceiving and women are less fertile as they get older.

Assisted reproductive technology  is a term used to describe the different treatments available to help those who have difficulty in conceiving a child naturally. These treatments usually involve handling and manipulation of eggs and/or sperm in the lab to carry out simple procedures like artificial insemination/ intra uterine insemination (AI/IUI), or more advanced procedures including  in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intra cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI).

Causes of Infertility in Women

  • Subfertility /Infertility
  • Recurrent miscarriage
  • Recurrent implantation failure (repeated IVF failure)
  • Polycystic Ovaries
  • Other reproductive and endocrine problems related to infertility

Diagnostic Services for the Female

  • Baseline Investigations
  1. Clinical assessment
  2. Hormonal Assessments
  3. Ovarian reserve testing includes blood tests and a transvaginal scan
  4. Cycle monitoring
  • Tubal testing 
  1. Hystero-Contrast-Salpingo-Sonography (HyCoSy Scan)
  2. Hysterosalpingogram (HSG)
  3. Laparoscopy, Dye Test and Hysteroscopy
  • Advanced investigations
  1. Genetic testing
  2. Immunological assessment

Diagnostic Services for the Male

  • Clinical assessment
  • Detailed Semen Analysis
  • Hormonal Assessment
  • Genetic testing
  • Scrotal and Transrectal Ultrasound
  • Sperm DNA fragmentation test        
  • Testicular biopsy

Treatment Services for Infertility

  • Ovulation Induction and Follicle Tracking
  • Intrauterine insemination (IUI)
  • In vitro fertilization (IVF)
  • Intra cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) 
  • Blastocyst transfer
  • Embryo freezing and frozen embryo transfer (FET)
  • Micro surgical sperm aspiration
  • Assisted Hatching (AH)
  • Cryopreservation of Semen, Eggs and Embryos
  • Donor program
  • Surrogacy
  • Fertility preservation
  • Treatment of Immunological Problems related to Infertility
  • Surgical management of female infertility problems including Laparoscopic and Hysteroscopic procedures
  • Surgical management of male infertility
  • Treatments for sexual intercourse problems

Tags: Causes of Infertility , What is Infertility , infertility treatment , Conceive , Reproduce , Primary Infertility , Secondary

 

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